Rajamala (Eravikulam National Park)
The place is situated at a distance of 15 km from Munnar at a height
of 2695 m above sea level. Half of the world population of the rare mountain goat, Nilgiri Tahr (hermitages hypocrites) which is becoming extinct, is now found here. The species is now reduced to small herds found only in the Rajamal-Eravikulam region and is approximately 1000 in number.
Eravikulam National Park which runs into a length of 97 sq.km is situated in the Devikulam Taluk and is home to the Nilgiri Tahr.The park is divided into three regions – the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area which is in the Rajamala region. The Nilgiri Tahr can be observed at close quarters here.This is also a place for adventure tourism and it provides the tourists with facilities for trekking.Twenty-six species of mammals have been recorded in the park. Most of the area are consistent hill plateaus. The park is open to the tourists from 7.30 am to 4.00 pm and will be provided with minibuses to travel deep into the forests. To protect the park from pollution, private vehicles are not permitted.
India’s highest peak of the Western Ghats and South India and the second
highest in the whole nation, Anamudi is just 50 km away from Munnar. The height of the peak is 2695 m (8842 ft) and is the highest point of Periyar River basin. ‘Elephant’s Peak’, steps the translation of the name Anamudi suggests the shape of the mountain which resembles the forehead of an elephant. It is located in the south of Eravikulam National Park. The north and steps of Anamudi are very gentle, but the east and west slopes have sharp inclinations with difficult rocks.
Anamudi and Eravikulam National Park together forms the habitat of various species of animals like Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Gaur and a unique kind of frog.